ARCHIPRÊTRE JEAN BRECK Paris: Editions du Cerf (); Romanian translation: Puterea Cuvântului în . “John Appendix, Epilogue or Conclusion ?. Descripción: MANUAL DE DOCTRINA CONTABLE ÚTIL Y SENCILLO DE ENTENDER. Surprins de Puterea Duhului · DOCTRINA POLICIAL · doctrina. John Breck, Puterea cuvântului în Biserica dreptmăritoare, Editura Institutu- lui Biblic și de Misiune al Bisericii Ortodoxe Române, București, , p.
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The type corresponds to the picture and the antitype to the meaning. The second presupposition sees typology and allegory as representing two different world-views, such that as exegetical methods they are basically incompatible, even contradictory.
To this point we have noted two presuppositions that characterize a great deal of opinion concerning the relation between typology and allegory as approaches to biblical interpretation. That perspective — which incorporates a particular world-view more typical of the Fathers than of our contemporaries — easily perceives transcendent reality within the sphere of time and space, within human history.
Whether or not any given example of allegory actually stems from Jesus directly, the early Church used allegorical tropes, as well as allegorical method in its reading of the Old Testament, to interpret the person and work of Jesus, and to proclaim him as the fulfillment of Hebrew prophecy. It is bi-directional, insofar as there is between type and antitype a relationship of mutual participation.
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For an insightful discussion of the movement implied in the order of these senses or stagessee A. To convey this revelation, Jesus employed a variety of tropes, or figures of speech, in his parables and in other forms of teaching. It perceives as well the profound unity that exists between the two Testaments, a unity grounded not only in the forward movement from prophecy to fulfillment, but a unity derived from the actual presence of eternal reality within the events of human history.
Their concern to preserve the historical reality of biblical revelation came in large measure as a reaction to the a-historical, symbolic and mystical reading of Scripture favored at Alexandria.
Allegory : Exegetical Method Or Spiritual Vision? | Wellspring
Theoria for the Alexandrians seeks ultimate meaning in transcendent reality and therefore focuses on a spiritual or mystical reading of the biblical text. Whereas typology respects the historical grounding of the type-antitype relationship, allegory tends to ignore that grounding by locating the true meaning of a biblical passage not in historical events, but on a transcendent plane of being, as well as in the moral and spiritual life of the believer.
The result was to transform the historical perspective of the Old Testament into a timeless or transcendent vision of the quest for virtue undertaken by the human soul. This is true, to a limited extent, even in Hebrew thought. This fails cuvantuluu recognize, however, that Hebrew thought moves not only from past to future, but from future to past: Like Diodore, bteck finds a double meaning in historical events and other types, Young has led us to discover or rediscover the presence of the antitype in the type: For the Antiochenes, however, theoria perceives in the historical event itself a double sense Diodoreboth literal and spiritual.
SCM Press,p. Clarendon Press,pp. To early Christians, the Bible is the ultimate expression of the Word of God.
The antitype or future fulfillment, is already present and active within the type. Since Promise and Fulfillment are separated by time, they can only be interpreted diachronically, in a movement that leads the exegete from the historical phenomenon to the future and ontologically disconnected eschatological antitype.
The word typosfrom the verb typteinsignifies a mark left by a blow. In the next section we shall see that this familiar understanding of typological relationships is in need of major revision. The apostle Paul employed allegory in his parallelism between Adam and Christ Rom 5; 1 Cor 15as well as in three key passages of his first letter to the Corinthians. The type retains its value as a reality in its own right; but it is also an iconan image of a future fulfillment that is already present within it.
Christ and TimeLondon: The question is, is this view of the matter correct? This is an outstanding study of hermeneutical method in the early Church, to which we own many groundbreaking insights.
Cynics and Stoics, for example, used what came to be called the allegorical method in order to interpret the epic poems of Homer or the didactic poetry of Hesiod. This, however, does not necessarily imply forward historical movement.
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In terms of hermeneutical method, Alexandria is seen as the home of allegory and Antioch the home of typology. This means that the type is a true symbol: For allegory depends on a type-antitype relationship even in cases where the cuvsntului sought is moral tropological or eschatological anagogical.
The parable of the Tares Mt Allegory and typology refer more appropriately to interpretive methods.
If early Christians could find theophanies of Christ throughout the Phterea Testament, it is because the eternal Word of God was present and active in creation itself Jn 1: Cuvantuluu allegory is found in the parables cuvanthlui the Two Sons Mt In 1 Cor 5: The first point to make is that the type-antitype relationship is neither strictly linear nor unidirectional.
By extension, it can signify a seal, an impression made in wax, a pattern or a model. That image foreshadows the future antitype, which in turn fulfills it and thereby establishes the essential unity between the Old and New Testaments.
This is a misuse of the terms involved. Early Christians were convinced that the risen Lord spoke through the apostolic authors by the inspirational power of the Spirit. These included occasional uses of allegory as well as metaphor and simile.