Irving Rouse-The Tainos – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Information on tainos. Drawing on archeological and ethno-historical evidence, Irving Rouse sketches a picture of the Tainos as they existed during the time of Columbus, contrasting. How to Cite: Delle, J.A., The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus by Irving Rouse, Yale University Press, New Haven.

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Coral was utilized for the royse time in the region by the Meillac groups, who used unworked coral as “rasps” and picks. Stone tools were rare, but some were recovered throughout the course of excavation.

The Tainos: Rise & Decline of the People who Greeted Columbus – Irving Rouse – Google Books

The third epoch, the Neo-Indian epoch, was characterized by the sufficient development of agriculture as a means to replace hunting as the principle mean of subsistence. As a result of the research done a much better understanding of the culture history of the northern Antilles was constructed. MacCurdy Professor of Anthropologyholding this position until his retirement in He notes, however, that there is no historical evidence for cannibalism.

There also appears to be evidence of a very early stage of the worship of zemisHaitian historical deities, although this concept would have been in the early stages of development. Rouse was unable to discover any definitive linguistic information about the Couri, nor was he able to find information about their clothing, shelter, or population. His maternal grandfather was Czech. He was unable to discern anything about the religion practiced by the Couri groups, if that concept existed at all for them.

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He returned to the island in to do some additional work with John Goggin. Social organization would have been similar to Meillac group social structure, with people living houses grouped into villages. They were not hunting the same type of big-game animals as the Paleo-Indians were, as that food source became extinct by the time the Meso-Indian epoch started. Spicer Ernestine Friedl The end product of analytic classification is the ” mode “, which is produced by creating a series of classes representing different features of the artifact.

These sherds were classified into 30 types. The first epoch is the “Paleo-Indian” epoch, which began with the first inhabitants of Venezuela around 15, BC?.

The Meso-Indian epoch began about BC. These classes are constituted of two or more modes.

Other archaeologists believed that every new pottery type was a product of a new migration from the mainland. This event sparked a lifelong interest in identifying migrations of people and understanding the reason for migrations of human populations. He identifies a number of objective types which may be pursued in this article, including descriptive, classificatory, geographical, and chronological objectives.

Foster Charles Wagley Anthony F. Taxonomic classification is done by creating a set of classes which differentiate the artifacts in a collection by type type being the end product of Taxonomic classification.

Sites were identified largely by large piles of shells, which also indicated a reliance upon seafood as a source of subsistence. This custom or concept is the mode. One particular type of cooking pottery that was popular in the region both in the Meillac and Carrier groups discussed below was the “pepper pot”, a vessel in which most of their prepared food was made.

Both shell objects are made from conch shellsand there is evidence of a well developed art design, as the pendant is decorated with parallel and zig-zagged bands. The authors identify four major epochs chronological classification to oruse the remains of each distinct group of people with distinct cultural traits ethnic classification will be assigned. Arensberg William C.


Irving Rouse

Rouse notes that while modes are “inherent” in a collection, types are created by the archaeologist by selecting the modes which he determines to be relevant. Osgood’s segment was titled The Ciboney Culture of Cayo Redondo, Cuba which focused on the classification of a collection of stone, shell, coral, and bone objects from the Cayo Redondo excavation in western Cuba.

Adams Francis L. Throughout his tthe, Rouse maintained that the only migrations to the islands were those mentioned above. Rouse believes that Carrier people spoke the Arawak language, and were sedentary agriculturalist who hunted small animals and shellfish and, like Meillac groups, cultivated manioc and corn, along with other wild vegetables.

This project was not a total disaster, however. In Rouse had a heart attack while on a project in Antigua, signaling the end to his fieldwork career. Rouse believed that the population of the Caribbean occurred in four migrations from mainland South Atinos [22] The first migration came in what Rouse called the “lithic” age, which happened around years ago based on the dates of the earliest sites on the islands.