Epinephelus itajara. This large, solitary fish will defend its territory when threatened, with aggressive body language and a rumbling sound it. Learn more about the Atlantic goliath grouper – with amazing Atlantic goliath grouper videos, photos and facts on Arkive. The Atlantic goliath grouper or itajara (Epinephelus itajara), also known as the jewfish, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow.

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They may reach extremely large sizes, growing to lengths up to 2. Of historical importance to commercial fisheries, the goliath grouper eepinephelus also long been prized by recreational and sport fishers. The body is robust and elongate; its widest point is more than half its total length.

Usually it is a mottled yellow-brown to grey with darker bard and spots, ideal for blending in to their rocky coral and muddy inshore habitat.

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It divides species into nine categories: Epinephelus itajara Lichtenstein Territorial near it’s refuge cave or wreck where it may show a threat display with open mouth and quivering body. Summary page Point data Common names Photos. Marketed fresh and salted. The Atlantic goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara is one of the largest members of the sea bass family.


You can sponsor this page. Distinguished by the following characteristics: In tidal pools juvenile E. Fertilisation The fusion of gametes male and female reproductive cells to produce an embryo, which grows into a new individual.

Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref. Large adults may be found in estuaries Ref. Variations of these vocalizations also undoubtedly have intraspecific peinephelus properties 3. Danger to Humans Very large goliath grouper have been observed to stalk divers and even conduct unsuccessful ambushes of the same.

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The tawny colored juveniles, although not as colorful as some grouper species, are attractively patterned; exhibiting a series of dark, irregular, vertical bands and blotches. Reported to reach weights of more than kg Ref.

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 – m Ref. Goliath groupers are believed to be protogynous hermaphroditeswhich refer to organisms that are born female and at some epine;helus in their lifespans change sex ittajara male. FishBase – Epinephelus itajara February, http: Rodents of Unusual Size. Modified by Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G.

FishBase – Epinephelus itajara: Hyporthodus acanthistius Rooster hind Hyporthodus darwinensis Darwin grouper Hyporthodus ergastularius Sevenbar grouper Hyporthodus exsul Tenspine grouper Hyporthodus flavolimbatus Yellowedge grouper Hyporthodus haifensis Haifa grouper Hyporthodus mystacinus Misty grouper Hyporthodus nigritus Warsaw grouper Hyporthodus niphobles Star-studded grouper Hyporthodus niveatus Snowy grouper Hyporthodus octofasciatus Eightbar grouper Hyporthodus perplexus Puzzling grouper Hyporthodus quernus Hawaiian grouper Hyporthodus septemfasciatus Convict grouper.


Crustaceans Diverse group of animals with jointed limbs and a hard chitinous exoskeleton, characterised by the possession of two pairs of antennae, one pair of mandibles mouthparts used for handling and processing food and two pairs of maxillae appendages used in eating, which are located behind the mandibles.

Growing to lengths of 8. Despite having teeth, the fish engulfs its prey and swallows it whole.

Epinephelus itajara, Atlantic goliath grouper : fisheries, gamefish

Variola albimarginata Variola louti. Taxonomy The German ichthyologist M. Bases of soft dorsal and anal fins itauara with scales and thick skin. Goliath groupers eat crustaceansother fish, octopodesyoung sea turtlessharksand barracudas.

Traditionally, the species has been caught primarily by hook and line, traps, and trawls.